Aquatic therapy is the performance of specific stretching, strengthening, and functional exercises in the water. Typically, aquatic therapy is indicated when land-based therapy is limited by pain intensity, obesity, post-operative weight-bearing restrictions, and severe muscle weakness or deconditioning. The buoyancy properties of water reduce weight bearing and pressure through the spine and lower extremities. Buoyancy also assists in lifting the lower and upper extremities which makes movement much easier. Water provides resistance from all directions which makes it the perfect environment for global strength and conditioning. All exercises are individually-tailored and directed by a physical therapist.